The attacks marked a major escalation of violence that ravaged Cabo Delgado province for more than three years.
Tens of thousands of people have fled the city of Palma in northern Mozambique as a result of attacks at the end of last month which killed dozens of people, the United Nations said.
The United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, said on Friday that around 30,000 people had fled Palma since fighters linked to ISIL (ISIL) attacked the coastal city on March 24.
UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch said the agency was “deeply concerned about the humanitarian consequences of the rapid escalation of violence” in northern Mozambique, expressing particular concern for “the safety and the good -to be the most vulnerable among the displaced, including women and children ”.
The raids at the end of last month marked a significant escalation in violence that has ravaged Cabo Delgado province for more than three years as fighters seek to establish a caliphate.
The violence prompted Total to suspend work on a nearby multi-billion dollar gas project.
“Those who fled encountered significant obstacles in trying to get to safety both inside the country and trying to cross borders,” Baloch told reporters in Geneva.
‘Abuse of rights’
The conflict in the region has “resulted in serious rights violations, disruption of essential services and severe repercussions on civilians, especially children,” Baloch said.
Equally concerning, he said, was the separation of families.
“Hundreds of children have arrived traumatized and exhausted after being separated from their families. Many more came with their mothers. “
Baloch said those fleeing the violence arrived “without personal belongings, often with health problems, including injuries and severe malnutrition.”
Cabo Delgado has been defeated in a bloody rebellion since 2017 by a group known locally as al-Shabab.
The violence has killed at least 2,600 people, according to the US-based Armed Conflict Location and Event Data (ACLED) project, and UNHCR says more than 700,000 have been displaced.