United Nations Assembly to vote resolution condemning the Burmese army military news

Myanmar envoy to the UN Kyaw Moe Tun calls for “effective collective measures”, including a full arms embargo against the country.

The United Nations General Assembly will vote on a non-binding resolution on Friday condemning Myanmar’s military regime and calling on member states to curb the “flow of arms” in the violence-ravaged country, diplomats said.

The vote will come on the same day the Security Council holds informal talks on the situation in the country, where the military overthrew elected civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and took power on February 1.

The draft General Assembly resolution, which was obtained by the AFP news agency, had been in the works for weeks and follows talks between Western countries and members of the Association of Asian Nations. Southeast (ASEAN), who plays the role of mediator in the crisis.

The two sides will seek to see the resolution adopted by consensus and not by vote on Friday, a diplomat told AFP on Thursday.

The position of China, Myanmar’s main ally, remains unknown. Any country can request a vote, in which case Beijing could abstain, diplomats said.

In mid-May, a first effort to pass a Myanmar text was halted so that Western diplomats could negotiate with ASEAN member states to gain as much support as possible for the initiative.

This initial effort called for “the immediate suspension of the direct and indirect supply, sale or transfer of all arms, ammunition and other military equipment to Myanmar”.

But the new text is decidedly more vague, calling on “all member states to prevent the flow of arms to Myanmar”.

“Effective collective measures”

In a recent letter to the United Nations, Myanmar’s envoy to the global body Kyaw Moe Tun called for “effective collective action” against the military, amid a deadly months-long crackdown on the military. dissent which has left more than 860 dead.

Kyaw Moe Tun – who supports a total arms embargo in Myanmar – passionately rejected the February 1 coup and dismissed military claims that he no longer represents Myanmar.

The United Nations still considers him to be the country’s legitimate envoy.

In principle, the Security Council is the most likely place to consider an arms embargo, and such a step would be binding in that case, but China’s veto makes this scenario unlikely.

The General Assembly draft resolution calls for the restoration of democracy in Myanmar, the release of all detained civilian leaders and demands that the military “immediately end all violence against peaceful protesters”.

It also calls for the implementation of a five point plan drafted by ASEAN in April with the appointment of an emissary from the group.

The text, co-sponsored by more than 50 countries, also calls on the military to authorize the UN envoy to Myanmar, Christine Schraner Burgener, to visit the country, and to ensure the safe passage of humanitarian aid. .

Although diplomats continue to pressure Burmese generals, ASEAN officials continue to meet with Burmese officials appointed by the military. Myanmar joined the 10-member organization in 1997, when the country was ruled by the military.

The group’s defense ministers’ meeting on Wednesday was attended by an official appointed by the Myanmar military government, Mya Tun Oo. The meeting was also attended by US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin.

Myanmar rights groups and opposition have criticized the international community for giving legitimacy to Myanmar’s coup by meeting with military officials.

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